Computers Become Public

Computers Become Public (1950 - 1959)


    • The first commercially built computer, ERA 1101, came out in 1950. Also, in the same year, the National Bureau of Standards created Standards Eastern Automatic Computer as well as the Standards Western Automatic Computer which help began setting standards for new computers. England join in the computer rush with its first computer, the Lyons Electronic Office in 1951. Grace Hopper created the A-0 Compiler which was the first computer language to use English like words. This definitely made things a bit easier in 1952. Clones of computers are also made in this year which helps other people join the computer rush. The next year, 1953, IBM introduces the first mass produced computer, the IBM 650 cal. Jay Forrester also comes up with the magnetic core memory. 

      TRADIC, in 1955, was the first computer to use transistors instead of vacuum tubes. This was invented by the AT&T and Bell Company. MIT again stepped up again with the TX-0 computer. This specific computer was the first general purpose, programmable computer. In 1958, the first type of computer network was set up between radar stations in the United States and Canada. This network was named Semi-Automatic Ground Environment. The last year of the 50s was when IBM introduced its 7000 series which took a page out of the TRADIC book. It was the first series of computers to use transistors.



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